The term “poultry” refers to domestic fowls which are reared for their flesh, eggs and feathers which include chickens, ducks, geese etc.
The poultry is one of the important components of the farmer’s economy. It provides additional income and job opportunities to a large number of rural populations in the shortest possible time. Poultry farming has assumed much importance due to the growing demand of poultry products especially in urban areas because of their high food value. It also involves small capital investment and provides useful employment to a large number of people.
There has been also four fold increase in the number of poultry birds and Andhra Pradesh has emerged as the largest producer of poultry birds followed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and West Bengal. Poultry farms on commercial scale have been developed around almost all important urban centers in the country.
Currently our poultry industry contributes more than twenty thousand crores rupees to the GNP and supports the livelihood of about two million people. The poultry has also the highest rate of growth in agricultural sector in India with a growth rate of 8-10% in eggs and 15- 20% in broilers over the last two decades. There are also more than one lakh poultry farms and about 500 hatcheries and Indian birds are specifically bred to suit hot climate.
Also as a result of government’s efforts strains of birds with high egg productivity and meat type birds have been developed in the country and the dependence on imported grand parent stock has been minimized. Central poultry breeding farms established at Mumbai, Bhubaneswar, Hesssarghata and Chandigarh are engaged in scientific poultry breeding programme and have developed high egg production breed of fowl. The Central Duck Breeding Farm atJHessarghatta is catering to the requirements of high egg productive khaki cambell breeding stock.
Four random sample poultry performance testing centers at Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhubaneswar and Gurgaon conduct egg laying and broiler tests and provide useful information to poultry farmers, hatcheries and breeding organizations. The Central Poultry Training Institute Hessarghatta is importing short term practical courses in different disciplines of poultry to officials of state governments, agricultural universities, research institutions and private sector organizations. The National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation has been entrusted with marketing of eggs and poultry at the national and regional levels.
Eligibility: Inter Bi.P.C / Vocational Dairying / Diploma in Animal Husbandry